Miguel Juan Sebastián Piñera Echenique (Spanish: [miˈɣel ˈxwan seβasˈtjan piˈɲeɾa etʃeˈnike] ( listen); born December 1, 1949), more commonly known as Sebastián Piñera, is a Chilean politician and businessman. He was President of Chile between 2010 and 2014.
Piñera is the third child of the marriage between José Piñera Carvallo and Magdalena Echenique Rozas. He was born on December 1, 1949 in Santiago, Chile. His siblings are María Magdalena, José Manuel, Juan Pablo, José Miguel, and María Teresa. Sebastián Piñera is of Basque – Cantabric ancestry. Among his ancestors on his maternal side is his mother’s great great grandmother, Luisa Pinto Garmendia, a cultured and aristocratic woman, sister of President Aníbal Pinto Garmendia and daughter of President Francisco Antonio Pinto and Luisa Garmendia Alurralde, who was a descendant of the last Inca emperor Huayna Capac. He is a nephew of the oldest living Roman Catholic bishop in the world, Bernardino Piñera.
One year after his birth, Piñera’s family moved abroad to Belgium and later to New York City where his father was the Chilean ambassador to the United Nations. Piñera returned to Chile in 1955 and was enrolled in the Colegio del Verbo Divino (“Divine Word College”), from which he graduated in 1967.
Piñera then matriculated at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile to undertake his undergraduate degree in Commercial Engineering (Ingeniería Comercial), from which he graduated in 1971. Upon graduation, he was awarded the Raúl Iver Oxley Prize which is given to the best overall student of each class.
Piñera continued on to study at Harvard University on a partial Fulbright Program for his postgraduate studies in economics. During his time at Harvard, Piñera and a classmate co-authored an article titled, “The Old South’s Stake in the Inter-Regional Movement of Slaves” for the Journal of Economic History. After three years at Harvard, Piñera graduated with both a M.A. and Ph.D. in Economics.
Official presidential portrait of Piñera (2010)
|36th President of Chile|
March 11, 2010 – March 11, 2014
|Preceded by||Michelle Bachelet|
|Succeeded by||Michelle Bachelet|
|Leader of National Renewal|
May 26, 2001 – March 10, 2004
|Preceded by||Alberto Cardemil|
|Succeeded by||Sergio Díez|
|Senator for Eastern Santiago|
March 11, 1990 – March 11, 1998
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Carlos Bombal|
|Born||Miguel Juan Sebastián Piñera Echenique
December 1, 1949
|Political party||National Renewal (Before 2010)
|Coalition for Change|
|Spouse(s)||Cecilia Morel (1973–present)|
|Alma mater||Pontifical Catholic University of Chile